Persons suffering from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes know that the key to controlling their condition is simply a matter of regulating blood sugar. Steady testing and careful diet are enough diabetes management to avoid severe health problems, but there are many more means of keeping yourself feeling healthy and strong. The major keystones of diabetes management are diet, exercise, and medical treatment.
It goes without saying that a person with an inability to produce insulin cannot continue enjoying the same types of food that they would have prior to development of their condition. No matter what type of food you eat, your body will metabolize the nutrition and break it down into parts of sucrose or glucose, both of which will cause your blood sugar to rise. Yet what you do not eat is just as important as what you do eat. The easiest way to ensure diabetes management is to cut out all processed foods. Packaged meals and snacks all contain high levels of salt and preservatives that cause the blood pressure to spike and leave you feeling queasy and nauseous. Replace ready-to-eat meals with raw vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats in order to avoid blood sugar imbalances. Green leafy vegetables and root vegetables (like carrots) contain almost no glucose whatsoever, making it possible to consume as many as you wish without worrying about consequences. Starch, sugar, fruit, and fat will all cause a diabetic's metabolism to become upset, but these can be cut out of your diet with little consequence.
Planning out your food intake is crucial to diabetes management. The number one cause of diabetes aggravation (along with obesity, hypertension, and high blood pressure) is not the quality of food but the quantity of food. Most Americans, for instance, consume around 2500 to 3000 calories per day when the requirement is only about half that figure. Cut down the portion sizes of your meals; restaurant-size portions contain two or three times as much food as a healthy meal should include. If you have an active lifestyle, larger portions may be needed, but a sedentary lifestyle (such as that of an office worker who gets minimal exercise) does not require many calories each day. Diabetics do not need to laboriously count every calorie, but it has been shown that persons who plan their meals will end up consuming smaller amounts of food.
Keeping yourself healthy means that your diabetes will require less monitoring and will cause fewer aggravations. Regular exercise is key, as exercise lowers blood pressure and utilizes excess glucose. Diabetics especially benefit from engaging in steady cardiovascular exercise because it produces a response to insulin injections that result in being able to metabolize the medicine with higher efficiency. Even smaller benefits of exercise, like release of endorphins and the opening of the airways, will leave you feeling better. As your body experiences increases in cardiovascular rate, it burns more stored fat and gives greater energy for the remainder of the day. Diabetics should focus on cardiovascular exercise in order to raise their heart rate for at least half an hour per day. While weight training is an efficient form of burning calories, it also demands greater nutrition to produce healthy muscle cells, which can be complicated for a diabetic diet. Just like eating habits, exercise habits should take place on a regular schedule, so that your blood sugar level does not rise and fall over a long period of time. Exercise with a partner if possible, as mutual participation makes it easier to become motivated and will drive you to better performances and greater exertions.